One in Messiah Congregation

 

A short study of a few Greek words and Col. 2:16 ...Sabbath days, not weeks

 

Col.2 [16] Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days:

σαββάτων

Gill is wrong in Col. 2:16, when he says - they should not regard or submit to any man's judgment, as to the observance of the ceremonial law - very wrong interpretation. This sounds like the churches when they say, "don't judge me brother". Again very wrong interpretation!

Here is our video study for Col. 2:16 - http://oneinmessiah.net/col216b.asf

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Here is the word "week" in Greek - βδομάδα - bdomada

English - Greek Technical Dictionary

week

(Lex**) εβδομάδα

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My English - Greek

week

εβδομάδα

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Tapsis English Greek dictionary

week

εβδομάδα

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Sabbath

 

All variants of the word sabbaton, σάββατον in Greek have to do with the word Sabbath, not the word week.

 

G4521 - σάββατον - sabbaton - sab'-bat-on - Of Hebrew origin [H7676]; the Sabbath (that is, Shabbath), or day of weekly repose from secular avocations (also the observance or institution itself)

H7676 - shabbâth - shab-bawth' - Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath

H7673 - - shâbath - shaw-bath' - A primitive root; to repose, that is, desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causatively, figuratively or specifically): - (cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (Sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

 

Sabbath days (σαββάτων) - the plural being used for the singular. See on Luk_4:31; see on Acts 20:7. The plural is only once used in the New Testament of more than a single day (Act_17:2). The same enumeration of sacred seasons occur 1Ch_23:31; 2Ch_2:4; 2Ch_31:3; Eze_45:17; Hos_2:11.

 

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The word week never appears in Luke 18:12 more like, (before the sabbath)

 

Luke.18 [12] I fast twice (before the sabbath) in the week, σαββάτου...

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In the Greek, the first day of the week never appears, more like, first (day) after the sabbath

Matt.28 [1] In the end of the sabbath, σαββάτων as it began to dawn toward the first day (after the sabbath) of the week,

σαββάτων came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.

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Mark.16 [2] And very early in the morning the first μιᾶς day (after the sabbath) of the week, σαββάτων they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

[9] Now when Jesus was risen early the first πρῶτον day (after the sabbath) of the week, σαββάτου he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils.

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Luke.24 [1] Now upon the first μιᾶς day (after the sabbath) of the week,

σαββάτων very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.

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John.20 [1] The first μιᾶς day (after the sabbath)of the week σαββάτων cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

[19] Then the same day at evening, being the first μιᾶς day (after the sabbath) of the week, σαββάτων when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.

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Acts.20 [7] And upon the first μιᾶς day (after the sabbath) of the week,

σαββάτων when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.

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1Cor.16 [2] Upon the first μιᾶς day (after the sabbath) of the week

σαββάτων let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.

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Sabbath days

 

Matt.12 [5] Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days

σάββασιν the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, σάββατον and are blameless?

[10] And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? σάββασι that they might accuse him.

[12] How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.σάββασι

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Mark 3 [4] And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days,

σάββασιν or to do evil? to save life, or to kill? But they held their peace.

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Luke 4 [31] And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days. σάββασιν

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Luke 6 [2] And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days? σάββασι

[9] Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days σάββασιν to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?

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Acts 17 [2] And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days σάββατα reasoned with them out of the scriptures,

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Greek words for "first" and others...

 

G3391 - μία - mia - Irregular feminine of G1520; one or first: - a (certain), + agree, first, one

Total KJV Occurrences: 67

one, 58 - Mat_5:18-19 (2), Mat_5:36, Mat_19:4-6 (5), Mat_20:12, Mat_26:40, Mar_9:5, Mar_10:8, Mar_14:37, Mar_14:66, Luk_9:33 (3), Luk_13:10, Luk_14:18, Luk_15:8, Luk_16:17, Luk_17:22, Luk_17:34-35 (2), Luk_20:1, Luk_22:59, Joh_10:16, Act_4:32, Act_12:10, Act_19:34, Act_21:7, Act_24:21, Act_28:13, 1Co_6:16, 1Co_10:8, 2Co_11:24, Gal_4:24, Eph_4:4-5 (2), Eph_5:31, Phi_1:27, 1Ti_3:2, 1Ti_3:12, Tit_1:6, Heb_10:12, Heb_10:14, Heb_12:16, 2Pe_3:8 (2), 1Jo_1:7, Rev_6:1, Rev_9:12, Rev_13:3, Rev_17:12-13 (2), Rev_18:8, Rev_18:10, Rev_18:17

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first, 8 - Mar_16:1-2 (2), Joh_20:1 (2), Joh_20:19, Act_20:7, 1Co_16:2, Tit_3:10

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agree, 1 Rev_17:17

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G4413 - πρῶτος - prōtos - Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance): - before, beginning, best, chief (-est), first (of all), former.

 

Total KJV Occurrences: 100

first, 83 - Mat_10:2 (2), Mat_12:45, Mat_17:27, Mat_19:30 (2), Mat_20:8, Mat_20:10, Mat_20:16 (2), Mat_21:28, Mat_21:31, Mat_21:36, Mat_22:25, Mat_22:38, Mat_26:17, Mat_27:64, Mar_9:35, Mar_10:31 (2), Mar_12:20, Mar_12:28-30 (3), Mar_14:12, Mar_16:9, Luk_2:2, Luk_11:26, Luk_13:30 (2), Luk_14:18, Luk_16:5, Luk_19:16, Luk_20:29, Joh_1:41, Joh_5:4, Joh_8:7, Joh_19:32, Joh_20:4, Joh_20:8, Act_12:10, Act_20:18, Act_26:23, Act_27:43, Rom_10:19, 1Co_14:30, 1Co_15:3, 1Co_15:45, 1Co_15:47, Eph_6:2, Phi_1:5, 1Ti_1:16, 1Ti_2:13, 1Ti_5:12, 2Ti_2:6, 2Ti_4:16, Heb_8:7, Heb_8:13, Heb_9:1-2 (2), Heb_9:6, Heb_9:8, Heb_9:15, Heb_9:18, Heb_10:9, 1Jo_4:19, Rev_1:11, Rev_1:17, Rev_2:4-5 (2), Rev_2:8, Rev_2:19, Rev_4:1, Rev_8:7 (2), Rev_13:12 (2), Rev_16:2, Rev_20:5-6 (2), Rev_21:1 (2), Rev_21:19, Rev_22:13

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chief, 10 - Mat_20:27, Mar_6:21, Luk_19:47, Act_13:50, Act_16:12, Act_17:4, Act_25:2, Act_28:7, Act_28:17, 1Ti_1:15

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before, 2 - Joh_1:15 (2), Joh_1:30

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former, 2 - Act_1:1, Rev_21:4

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beginning, 1 - 2Pe_2:20

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best, 1 - Luk_15:22

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chiefest, 1 - Mar_10:44

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