One in Messiah Congregation
Isaiah Chapter 53 - Yeshua - Salvation
Over 50 references of a man are made in this chapter.
Baruch HaShem Yashua
 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?
 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his
generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Hebrew grammar is very involved.
In Hebrew grammar, it is very important to understand the verb system in form, function and meaning. In the Hebrew Bible, there are just over 23,000 verses. In the midst of these verses are found almost 72,000 verbs. Approx. 3 verbs to a verse. Verbs contain person, gender and number. The Qal is the basic verbal stem. There are six derived conjugations which are constructed on the verbal root.
In the chapter below, the Niphal stem with the ( 3ms ) form is applied in many verses.
I will translate in English just a few words. The context of a sentence is very important to watch. Some words take on different meanings pertaining to the sentence structure.
imperfect future ( 3ms )יַּעַל he shall grow up - יַּ is he - עַל is upwards or grow up
He has no form - no formתֹאַר לֹא - to him לוֹ (3ms)
נִרְאֵהוּwe shall see him
נֶחְמְדֵהוּwe should desire him
נִבְזֶהHe is despised
וַחֲדַל and rejected ( of man אִישִׁים )
מַכְאֹבוֹת אִישׁ man of sorrows
חֲשַׁבְנֻהוּלֹא we esteemed him not
הוּאhe ( 3ms )
וּבַחֲבֻרָתוֹand with his stripes
נִרְפָּאwe are healed
וַיהוָהand the Lord
וַיהוָההִפְגִּיעַ בּוֹ and the Lord laid upon him
אֵתעֲוֹן כֻּלָּנוּ the iniquity of us all
נִגַּשׂHe was oppressed
וְהוּאנַעֲנֶה and he was afflicted
נֶאֱלָמָה(he) is dumb
יִפְתַּחלֹא he did not open
לֻקָּחhe was taken
נִגְזַרhe was cut off
מֵאֶרֶץחַיִּים from the land of the living
מִפֶּשַׁעfor the transgression
נֶגַעhe was stricken
אֶתרְשָׁעִים with the wicked
וְאֶתעָשִׁיר and the rich
בְּמֹתָיוin his death -- ( 3rd person, masculine, singular ) monosyllabraic noun, type 1 suffix, add י to the stem before the pronominal suffix ו his
בְּפִיוin his mouth - same explanation as above ( 3ms ) monosyllabraic noun
הֶחֱלִיhe had put him to grief
אָשָׁםsin offering or offering for sin
יִרְאֶהhe will see
יַאֲרִיךְhe shall prolong
יִשְׂבָּעhe shall be satisfied
בְּדַעְתּוֹby his knowledge
יַצְדִּיקhe shall justify
צַדִּיקעַבְדִּי my righteous servant
יִסְבֹּלhe shall bare
אֲחַלֶּקלוֹ I will divide him
בָרַבִּיםwith the great
יְחַלֵּקשָׁלָל he divides the spoil
הֶעֱרָהhe had poured
נִמְנָהhe was numbered
יַפְגִּיעַhe made intercession
לַפֹּשְׁעִיםfor the transgressors
לִשְׁמֻעָתֵנוּ; מִי הֶאֱמִין
.עַל מִי נִגְלָתָה וּזְרוֹעַ יְהוָה
וְכַשֹּׁרֶשׁוַיַּעַל כַּיּוֹנֵק לְפָנָיו
לֹאתֹאַר לוֹ-- וְלֹא מֵאֶרֶץ צִיָּה
.וְנִרְאֵהוּ וְלֹא מַרְאֶה וְנֶחְמְדֵהוּ הָדָר
אִישׁנִבְזֶה וַחֲדַל אִישִׁים
וּכְמַסְתֵּרמַכְאֹבוֹת וִידוּעַ חֹלִי
נִבְזֶהוְלֹא פָּנִים מִמֶּנּוּ
אָכֵןחֳלָיֵנוּ הוּא נָשָׂא
נָגוּעַמֻכֵּה אֱלֹהִים חֲשַׁבְנֻהוּ
וּבַחֲבֻרָתוֹנִרְפָּא שְׁלוֹמֵנוּ עָלָיו
אִישׁכֻּלָּנוּ כַּצֹּאן תָּעִינוּ
וַיהוָההִפְגִּיעַ בּוֹ לְדַרְכּוֹ פָּנִינוּ
.אֵת עֲוֹן כֻּלָּנוּ
וְלֹאיִפְתַּח נִגַּשׂ וְהוּא נַעֲנֶה
וּכְרָחֵל, כַּשֶּׂה לַטֶּבַח יוּבָל, פִּיו
וְלֹאלִפְנֵי גֹזְזֶיהָ נֶאֱלָמָה
וְאֶתמֵעֹצֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט לֻקָּח
כִּינִגְזַר :דּוֹרוֹ מִי יְשׂוֹחֵחַ
מִפֶּשַׁעעַמִּי נֶגַע מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים
וַיִּתֵּןאֶת רְשָׁעִים קִבְרוֹ
עַללֹא וְאֶת עָשִׁיר בְּמֹתָיו
.וְלֹא מִרְמָה בְּפִיו חָמָס עָשָׂה
--הֶחֱלִי וַיהוָה חָפֵץ דַּכְּאוֹ
יִרְאֶהאִם תָּשִׂים אָשָׁם נַפְשׁוֹ
וְחֵפֶץיְהוָה זֶרַע יַאֲרִיךְ יָמִים
--יִרְאֶה יִשְׂבָּע מֵעֲמַל נַפְשׁוֹ
בְּדַעְתּוֹיַצְדִּיק צַדִּיק עַבְדִּי
.הוּא יִסְבֹּל ; וַעֲוֹנֹתָם לָרַבִּים
וְאֶתלָכֵן אֲחַלֶּק לוֹ בָרַבִּים
תַּחַתעֲצוּמִים יְחַלֵּק שָׁלָל
וְאֶתאֲשֶׁר הֶעֱרָה לַמָּוֶת נַפְשׁוֹ
וְהוּאחֵטְא פֹּשְׁעִים נִמְנָה
.וְלַפֹּשְׁעִים יַפְגִּיעַ רַבִּים נָשָׂא