One in Messiah Congregation

Part of the Congregation of Israel

Shabbat Shalom

 Today we use the Gregorian calendar

(From Pope Gregory, from the 1500's) Jan. 16th, 2010


God has His own calendar

We are now in the 10th month of God called Teveth in Hebrew, 29th day


We watch for the visible crescent for the new moon in Israel

The new moon, as we understand it, could be tonight or tomorrow night

Phase of the Moon on 16 January: waxing crescent with 2% of the Moon's visible disk illuminated

Phase of the Moon on 17 January: waxing crescent with 5% of the Moon's visible disk illuminated.


The eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, Shevat or Shvat

A few references to the eleventh month

Deut. 1 [3] And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them;


1 Chr. 27 [14] The eleventh captain for the eleventh month was Benaiah the Pirathonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.


Zech.1[7] Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, Shevat or Shvat - in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,


If you ever wonder why I ask this question to you so many times, the answer is because some people are always trying to get around this commandment.


Prov. 6 [23] For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:



Why are we here today?


We were told to remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy


The 4th Commandment is a part of the covenant given to us at Mount Sinai in the 3rd month, Sivan

We read from law and the prophets every Sabbath.

60 times in the Gospels and letters it uses the word Sabbath


Ex. 20 [8] Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

zâkar - zaw-kar' - A primitive root; properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, to remember; by implication to mention; make mention of, be mindful, recount, record (-er), remember, make to be remembered, bring (call, come, keep, put) to (in) remembrance, still, think on, well.


Back to Ex. 20

[9] Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

[10] But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

[11] For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it.


Rev.1 [10] I was in the Spirit on the Lord's Day - (The Sabbath)


 Lev. 23 [3] Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, an "holy convocation"; ye shall do no work therein: it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.


The Sabbath is a "holy convocation"

miqra: convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together, sacred assembly, something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal


kodesh: a sacred place or thing; consecrated, dedicated, hallowed, holiness, saint, sanctuary, apartness, sacredness, separateness, apartness, sacredness, holiness


Today's Topic:

Let's look up a few words; you will see all these words are in the same family.

A person that has one will most likely have them all!



Lashon Hara - Evil Tongue




Holding a grudge

Talebearer - raw-keel - a scandal monger (as travelling about): - slander, carry tales, talebearer, slanderer, informer, a scandal-monger (as travelling about)


Lev. 19 [16] Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am Yehovah.



Prov. 11 [13] A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.



Prov. 18 [8] The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.



Prov. 20 [19] He that goeth about as a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.




Prov. 26 [20] Where no wood is, there the fire goeth out: so where there is no talebearer, the strife ceaseth.


[22] The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.


James 3

[1] My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.

[2] For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man (or woman), and able also to bridle the whole body.

[3] Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body.

[4] Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.


[5] Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!

[6] And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.

[7] For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:

[8] But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.

[9] Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.

[10] Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.


[11] Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter?

[12] Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

[13] Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom.


[14] But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.

[15] This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

[16] For where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work.


[17] But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

[18] And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace/ shalom.


Here is what "envy" does:

Envy qânâ' - kaw-naw' A primitive root; to be (causatively make) zealous, that is, (in a bad sense) jealous or envious: - (be) envy (-ious), be (move to, provoke to) jealous (-y), very, (be) zeal (-ous).

Job .5 [2] For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.


Prov. 3 [31] Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.


Prov. 14 [30] A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.


Prov. 23 [17] Let not thine heart envy sinners: but be thou in the fear of the LORD all the day long.


Prov. 27 [4] Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?


Matt. 27 [18] For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.


Mark. 15 [10] For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.


Acts 7 [9] And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,


Acts 13 [45] But when the (unbelieving) Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.


Acts 17 [5] But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.


Rom. 1 [29] Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,


Rom. 13 [13] Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.


1 Cor. 3 [3] For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?


2 Cor. 12 [20] For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and that I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest there be debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:


Tit. 3 [3] For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.


Back to the "tongue"

1 Pet. 3 [10] For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil , and his lips that they speak no guile:

Pss. 15 [1] LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill?
[2] He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.
[3] He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.
[4] In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.
[5] He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved.

Pss. 34 [13] Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.


Backbiting tongue = being slanderous

Prov. 25 [23] The north wind driveth away rain: so doth an angry countenance a backbiting tongue.


2 Cor. 12

[20] For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and that I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest there be debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults: and lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and that I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed.


Holding a grudge

nâṭar - naw-tar' - A primitive root; to guard; figuratively, to cherish (in anger): - bear grudge, keep (-er), reserve (anger)


Lev. 19 [18] Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am Yehovah.


Jas. 5 [9] Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.



Slander = defaming, evil report, infamy


Pss. 101 [5] Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.


Prov. 10 [18] He that hideth hatred with lying lips, and he (or she) that uttereth a slander, is a fool.



Gal. 5 [15] But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.


Rom. 1 [18] For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;


How can you say you love God and hate your brother or sister?


Rom. 12 [9] Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.


[10] Be kindly affectionate one to another with brotherly love; in honour preferring one another;


Dissimulation: To disguise (one's intentions) under a feigned appearance. To conceal one's true feelings or intentions. We want to be without dissimulation (without hypocrisy), unfeigned - We want to be genuine!


1 Thes. 4 [9] But as touching brotherly love ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another.


Heb. 13 [1] Let brotherly love continue.


1Pet. 2 [17] Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.


1 John 3 [14] We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren.

He that loveth not his brother (or sister) abideth in death.

[15] Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

[16] Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

[17] But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

[18] My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.


1 John 2 [9] He that saith he is in the light, and hateth his brother (or sister), is in darkness even until now.

[10] He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling in him.

[11] But he that hateth his brother (or sister) is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes.



1 John 4 [20] If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother (or sister), he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother (or sister) whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen?


[21] And this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother (or sister) also.


They which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.


Gal. 5 [19] Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

[26] Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.



Num. 23 [23] Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, neither is there any divination against Israel...


Shabbat Shalom

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