One in Messiah Congregation


Shabbat Shalom


April 26, 2008


God has His own calendar - first month of God - ha Aviv - Nisan, 19th day



Question: Why are we here today?


Answer: We were told to remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy


The 4th Commandment is a part of the covenant given to us at mount Sinai in the 3rd month, Sivan


Ex. 20 [8] Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

[9] Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

[10] But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
[11] For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it.


Isa. 58 [13] If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:
[14] Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.


Lev. 23: [3] Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.


We read from law and the prophets every Sabbath.


Sixty times in the Gospels and letters it uses the word Sabbath


Acts 13 [13] Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem. [14] But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down. [15] And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on.


[27] For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled them in condemning him.


[42] And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath.


[44]And the next Sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God


Acts 15 [21] For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath day.


Luke 4 [16] And he, Yeshua / Jesus came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up for to read.[17] And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias.


Exod. 31 [13] Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep : for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.


[16] Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant . [17] It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.


Ezek. 20 [12] Moreover also I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them.

[20] And hallow my Sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I am the LORD your God.


Luke 23 [56] And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.


Messiah Yeshua speaking of the future: Matt.24 [20] But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the Sabbath day:



Recap of the Spring Feasts and Holy Days coming


***Remember all days start in the evening before



First Fruits is on Sunday, April 27th - Aviv 20


Last day of Unleavened Bread (Aviv 21) will be Monday, April 28th (holy convocation - Sabbath)


2nd Month of God (Zif / Ziv) will be May 7th


3rd Month of God Sivan will be on Friday, June 6th


Feast of Weeks will be Sunday, June 15th (Sivan 10) (holy convocation - Sabbath)



Let's go over some words in Hebrew and English

Exod. 12:

Memorial - a memento (or memorable thing, day or writing) memorial, record



Feast chag - feast


chagag - properly to move in a circle, that is, (specifically) to march in a sacred procession, to observe a festival; - celebrate, dance, (keep, hold) a (solemn) feast (holy day)



Unleavened bread - no yeast, an unfermented cake or loaf, no leaven


Leavened bread - chamets - ferment, leavened (bread)



Sabbath of rest - a holy convocation


shabbaton - special holy day, rest, Sabbath

Lev. 23: [3] Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.



Holy convocation -


Holy - set-apartness, separateness, sacredness, holiness of God

Convocation mik-raw - something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the palce); also a rehearsal: - assembly, calling, convocation, reading



Servile work


avodah - work of any kind: act, bondservant, labour, service. tillage, work


melakat - occupation, work, business public business



Statute - ordinance khoo -kat - appointed, custom, manner, ordinance, site, statute


verse 43: stranger -- - nekar - foreigner, heathendom: - alien, strange, foreignness, foreign gods


verse 4 neighbor shaken - a resident; by extension a fellow citizen: - inhabitant, neighbor, nigh.


verse 45 - foreigner distinguished from a native citizen, a temporary inmate, a mere lodger


verse 45 - hired servant sa-keer - hired (man, servant), hireling


home born ez'rach - born (in the land), of the (ones own) country (nation)


verse 48 - stranger ge'ar -a newcomer, sojourner


verse 48 sojourn goor -to sojourn, abide, dwell in, dwell with, remain, inhabit, be continuing


verse 49 One law torah echat


One law shall be to him that is home born and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you

, , ,


qorban - something brought near the altar, that is, a sacrificial present: - oblation, that is offered, offering


chag ha matzot - feast of unleavened bread


chag sh'voo -ot - feast of weeks


chag ha qatseer - feast of harvest


the firstfruits of wheat

firstfruits - bik-koor -

wheat - chittah



***Remember - Last day of Unleavened Bread (Aviv 21) will be Monday, April 28th (holy convocation - Sabbath)


Lev. 23

Exod. 34 [22] And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest,


Deut. 16[10] And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the LORD thy God, according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:[11] And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to place his name there.

[12] And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt: and thou shalt observe and do these statutes.


First fruits and Feast of Weeks - the feast of harvest

Lev. 23

[9] And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
[10] Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf (omer) of the first fruits of your harvest unto the priest:

[11] And he shall wave the sheaf (omer) before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath (this year 2008 - April 27, 1st day, Sunday) the priest shall wave it.

[12] And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf (omer) an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
[13] And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
[14] And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering
unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.


[15] And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath,(this year 2008 - April 27, 1st day, Sunday) from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths (49 days) shall be complete: (this year 2008 - June 14, Sat. Shabbat)


[16] Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; (this year 2008 - June 15, 1st day, Sunday) and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.


Feast of Weeks will be Sunday, June 15th, 2008 (the 3rd month, Sivan 10) (holy convocation - Sabbath)


***Remember - 2 Sabbaths in a row - The weekly Sabbath and Sunday, June 15th, 2008 is a holy convocation, a Sabbath


back to Lev. 23


[17] Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the first fruits unto the LORD.

[18] And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.

[19] Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.

[20] And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.

[21] And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

[22] And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.


The 3rd month, Sivan

Pentecost / Feast of Weeks


Acts. 2 [1] And when the day of Pentecost (50) was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

[2] And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
[3] And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
[4] And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit / Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

[5] And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.

[6] Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
[7] And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans?
[8] And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
[9] Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia,
[10] Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
[11] Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.

[12] And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?
[13] Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine.
[14] But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
[15] For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.


[16] But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
[17] And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God,I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
[18] And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
[19] And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
[20] The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
[21] And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.

[38] Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Yeshua the Messiah / Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit / Ghost.

[39] For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
[40] And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.
[41] Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
( during the the feast of harvest - feast of weeks)

Joel 2

[28] And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:[29] And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.
[30] And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.
[31] The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
[32] And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.

Acts. 20 [16] For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.


Exod. 23 [14] Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.[15] Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)
[16] And the feast of harvest, (Feast of Weeks) the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, (feast of tabernacles) which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.
[17] Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD.


Deut. 16 [16] Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty:


1Cor. 16 [8] But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost.



the 3rd month, Sivan


Exod. 19 [1] In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

[18] And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.
[19] And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and
God answered him by a voice.

[20] And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount:

Exod. 20 - the Commandments



Torah Portion


K'DOSHIM (holy ones, holy) adjective masculine plural absolute


Lev. 19:1-20:27, Ez. 20:2-20


Lev.19 [2] Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy (holy ones) : for I the LORD your God am holy

Holy - set-apartness, separateness, sacredness, holiness of God


Lev. 20 [24] ... I am the LORD your God, which have separated you from other people.

[25] Ye shall therefore put difference between clean beasts and unclean, and between unclean fowls and clean: and ye shall not make your souls abominable by beast, or by fowl, or by any manner of living thing that creepeth on the ground, which I have separated from you as unclean.


Shalom All - Be Holy, Separate!



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