One in Messiah Congregation
קָּהָל אֶחָד בְּמָּשִׁיחַ
A part of the Congregation of Israel
27 S. Maple Street, Hohenwald, Tn. 38462
Phone: 615 712-3931 - or 615 591-9820
The feast of unleavened bread
Today we use the Gregorian calendar from Pope Gregory; from the 1500’s
Today is April 2, 2018 - in the 21 Century
April -- Aphrodite's month
Old English April(is)
Greek Aphro, short for Aphrodite.
Aprilis had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She is identified with the Roman goddess Venus.
We acknowledge Yehovah’s calendar
We are now in the 1st month of God called Nisan – day 15
Nisan, נִיסָן and ha aviv הָאָבִ
Exod. 13  This day came ye out in the month (ha) Abib.
הַיּוֹם, אַתֶּם יֹצְאִים , בְּחֹדֶשׁ, הָאָבִיב
Esth. 3  In the first month, that is, the month Nisan
A short review of the soon coming Spring Feasts and Holy Days
Remember all the dates I give for the holy days start the evening before
Ha Aviv 15 - Feast of Unleavened Bread – Sunday evening starts the Feast until the 21th of ha Aviv, which is Sunday the 8th of April
Just a note, First fruits above, always on a Sunday (the last day of Unleavened Bread)
Moving forward: We start our 7 week journey again – then 50 days later… Feast of Weeks – Pentecost - the Feast of Harvest – the wheat harvest
Esth.8  Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan…
Exod.34  And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest…
Exod.23  And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field…
In the 3rd month Sivan, day 11
סִיו (seev) bright, splendid
April 14 - a Sabbath, until May 27, Sunday - a Sabbath
The feast of unleavened bread, the bread of affliction
עֳנִי - עֹנִי
‛ŏnı̂y - on-ee' - depression, that is, misery: - afflicted (-ion), trouble.
‛ânâh - aw-naw'
A primitive root - to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications), abase self, afflict (-ion, self), self, deal hardly with, defile, humble (self), weaken
 And Yehovah
spoke unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:
 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.
 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is Yehovah's passover.
 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am Yehovah.
 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to Yehovah throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.
 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.
 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.
 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.
And Yehovah spake unto Moses, saying,
 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of Yehovah, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of Yehovah in all your dwellings.
 These are the feasts of Yehovah, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is Yehovah's passover.
 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto Yehovah: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto Yehovah seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
Some words of note:
You shall observe שְׁמַרְתֶּם
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.: - be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep, mark, observe, preserve, regard…
Zika rôn a memento (or memorable thing, day or writing): - memorial, record.
זכר zâkar - zaw-kar' – A primitive root; properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, to remember; by implication to mention; make mention of, be mindful, recount, record (-er), remember, make to be remembered, bring (call, come, keep, put) to (in) remembrance, still, think on, well.
מקרא miqra: convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together, sacred assembly, something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal
קדשׁ kodesh: a sacred place or thing; consecrated, dedicated, hallowed, holiness, saint, sanctuary, apartness, sacredness, separateness, apartness, sacredness, holiness
No Servile work - melakat avodah מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה
עֲבֹדָה avodah - work of any kind: act, bondservant, labor, service, tillage, work
מְלֶאכֶת melakat – occupation
משׁב/מושׁב môshâv - seat, assembly, dwelling-place, dwelling, your situation, location, (at) time of dwelling
Feasts of Yehovah - מוֹעֲדֵי יְהוָה
מוֹעָדָה מֹעֵד מוֹעֵד
mô‛êd mô‛êd mô‛âdâh
properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): - appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).
Approximately 40 years later
 Observe the month of Abib, ha Aviv הָאָבִיב and keep
the passover unto Yehovah thy God: for in the month of Abib Yehovah thy God
brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
 Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover פֶּסַח unto the Yehovah יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which Yehovah shall choose to place his name there.
 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread חָמֵץ châmêts with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread מַצּוֹת therewith, even the bread of affliction;
מַצּוֹת לֶחֶם עֹנִי
for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
 And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there anything of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which Yehovah thy
God giveth thee:
 But at the place which Yehovah thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
 And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which Yehovah thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
 Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to Yehovah thy God: thou shalt do no work therein.
 At the same time came the disciples unto Yeshua,
saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?
 And Yeshua called a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them,
 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven.
 Then spake Yeshua to the multitude, and to his
 Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:
 All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.
 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.
 But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
 And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,
 And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.
 But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Messiah; and all ye are brethren.
 And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
 Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Messiah.
 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.
 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall
humble himself shall be exalted.
 And he spake this parable unto certain which
trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others:
 Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican.
 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican.
 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.
 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
 If there be therefore any
consolation in Messiah, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the
Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,
 Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind.
 Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.
 Look not every man on his own
things, but every man also on the things of others.
 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Messiah Yeshua:
 Who, being in
the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Col.3  Put on
therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering; 
Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel
against any: even as Messiah forgave you, so also do ye.
 And above all these things put on charity, which is the bond of perfectness.
James tells us:
…God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
 Humble yourselves in the sight of Yehovah, and He shall lift you up.
 And he put forth a parable to those
which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying
 When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;
 And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.
 But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee.
 For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
Saul tells Timothy:
 Rebuke not an elder, but intreat
him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;
 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder.
Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble. Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:  Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.
 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: Whom resist stedfast in the faith…
 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
 And there was also a strife among
them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.
 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.
 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.
 For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat?
I, Yeshua am among you as he that serveth
In this short study, please learn the lesson of the feast of unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, being “Humble” as Messiah was.
Join us later for study, shalom, grace be with you all, Amen.