One in Messiah Congregation


Day of Atonement יוֹם הַכִּפֻּרִים


1Kgs.8 [2] And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim אֵתָנִים , which is the seventh month.

הַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי - not new years, 7th month!


Lev. 23:26] And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

[27] Also on the tenth day of this seventh month בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ there shall be a day of atonement: יוֹם הַכִּפֻּרִים it shall be an holy convocation unto מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ you; and ye shall afflict your souls, אֶת־נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם וְעִנִּיתֶם and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.[28] And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.[29] For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.[30] And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.

[31] Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.[32] It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.Num. 29[7] And ye shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy convocation; מִקְרָא־קֹדֶשׁ and ye shall afflict your souls: ye shall not do any work therein[8] But ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the LORD for a sweet savour; one young bullock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first year; they shall be unto you without blemish:[9] And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals to a bullock, and two tenth deals to one ram,[10] A several tenth deal for one lamb, throughout the seven lambs:[11] One kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the sin offering of atonement, and the continual burnt offering, and the meat offering of it, and their drink offerings.

Lev.16 scapegoat.עֲזָאזֵל

[1] And the LORD spake unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;[2] And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place הַקֹּדֶשׁ within the vail פָּרֹכֶת before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat. כַּפֹּרֶת

[3] Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: הַקֹּדֶשׁ

with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering.

[4] He shall put on the holy linen coat, כְּתֹנֶת־בַּד קֹדֶשׁ



Ezek.44 [17] And it shall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court, they shall be clothed with linen garments; and no wool shall come upon them, whiles they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within.[18] They shall have linen bonnets upon their heads, and shall have linen breeches upon their loins; they shall not gird themselves with any thing that causeth sweat.)



back to - Lev.16 and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and so put them on.

[5] And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.



Rev.19[8] And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.



back to - Lev.16 [6] And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house[7] And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

[8] And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.[9] And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD's lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering.[10] But the goat, שָּׂעִיר on which the lot גּוֹרָל fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement כַפֵּר with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.[11] And Aaron shall bring the bullock פַּר of the sin offering, חַטָּאת which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself:[12] And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail:[13] And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not:[14] And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle הִזָּה it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward קֵדְמָה ; and before the mercy seat כַּפֹּרֶת shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times. שֶׁבַע־פְּעָמִים


[15] Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, פָּרֹכֶת and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat:


H3727 כּפּרת kapporeth kap-po'-reth

From H3722; a lid (used only of the cover of the sacred Ark): - mercy seat.


BDB Definition:

1) mercy-seat, place of atonement

1a) the golden plate of propitiation on which the High Priest sprinkled the seat 7 times on the Day of Atonement symbolically reconciling Jehovah and His chosen people

1a1) the slab of gold on top of the ark of the covenant which measured 2.5 by 1.5 cubits; on it and part of it were the two golden cherubim facing each other whose outstretched wings came together above and constituted the throne of God

Part of Speech: noun feminine


back to - Lev.16[16] And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness.[17] And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.

[18] And he shall go out unto the altar that is before the LORD, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.[19] And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.[20] And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:[21] And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:[22] And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.[23] And Aaron shall come into the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall put off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them there:[24] And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself, and for the people.[25] And the fat of the sin offering shall he burn upon the altar.

[26] And he that let go the goat for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp.[27] And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall one carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.[28] And he that burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.[29] And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict ענה anah - תְּעַנּוּ your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country הָאֶזְרָח , or a stranger גֵּר gare - that sojourneth among you: הָאֶזְרָח, וְהַגֵּר הַגָּר [30] For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.

[31] It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, שַׁבַּת שַׁבָּתוֹן הִיא לָכֶם and ye shall afflict your souls, וְעִנִּיתֶם אֶת־נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם by a statute for ever. חֻקַּת, עוֹלָם

[32] And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest's office in his father's stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments:

[33] And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.

[34] And this shall be an everlasting statute חֻקַּת עוֹלָם unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.

Heb.10[3] But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

Lev.23[27] Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. [28] And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God. יוֹם הַכִּפֻּרִים


Genesis Chapter 6:14 - pitch כֹּפֶר , like the blood, covereing and the ark like Yeshua, salvation

וְכָפַרְתָּ אֹתָהּ מִבַּיִת וּמִחוּץ, בַּכֹּפֶר


H3722 כּפר kaphar kaw-far'

A primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel: - appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).


BDB Definition:

1) to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch

1a) (Qal) to coat or cover with pitch

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to cover over, pacify, propitiate

1b2) to cover over, atone for sin, make atonement for

1b3) to cover over, atone for sin and persons by legal rites

1c) (Pual)

1c1) to be covered over

1c2) to make atonement for

1d) (Hithpael) to be covered

Part of Speech: verb


Total KJV Occurrences: 102

atonement, 73

Exo_29:33, Exo_29:36-37 (2), Exo_30:10 (2), Exo_30:15-16 (2), Exo_32:30, Lev_1:4, Lev_4:20, Lev_4:26, Lev_4:31, Lev_4:35, Lev_5:6, Lev_5:10, Lev_5:13, Lev_5:16, Lev_5:18, Lev_7:7 (2), Lev_8:34, Lev_9:7 (2), Lev_10:17, Lev_12:7-8 (2), Lev_14:18-21 (4), Lev_14:29, Lev_14:31, Lev_14:53, Lev_15:15, Lev_15:30, Lev_16:6, Lev_16:10-11 (2), Lev_16:16-18 (4), Lev_16:24, Lev_16:27, Lev_16:30, Lev_16:32-34 (5), Lev_17:11 (2), Lev_19:22, Lev_23:28, Num_5:8, Num_8:11-12 (2), Num_8:19, Num_8:21, Num_15:25, Num_15:28 (2), Num_16:46-47 (2), Num_25:13, Num_28:22, Num_28:30, Num_29:5, Num_31:50, 2Sa_21:3, 1Ch_6:49, 2Ch_29:24, Neh_10:33


purged, 5

1Sa_3:14, Isa_6:6-7 (2), Isa_22:14, Isa_27:9


purge, 4

Psa_65:3, Psa_79:9, Eze_43:20, Eze_43:26


reconciliation, 4

Eze_45:15 (2), Eze_45:17, Dan_9:24


merciful, 2

Deu_21:8, Deu_32:43


reconcile, 2

Lev_6:30, Eze_45:20


appease, 1

Gen_32:20 (2)


cleansed, 1



disannulled, 1



forgave, 1



forgive, 1



forgiven, 1



pacified, 1



pacify, 1



pardon, 1



pitch, 1



put, 1


reconciling, 1




H6031 ענה anah aw-naw'

A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.): - abase self, afflict (-ion, self), answer [by mistake for H6030], chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing [by mistake for H6030], speak [by mistake for H6030], submit self, weaken, X in any wise.


BDB Definition:

1) (Qal) to be occupied, be busied with

2) to afflict, oppress, humble, be afflicted, be bowed down

2a) (Qal)

2a1) to be put down, become low

2a2) to be depressed, be downcast

2a3) to be afflicted

2a4) to stoop

2b) (Niphal)

2b1) to humble oneself, bow down

2b2) to be afflicted, be humbled

2c) (Piel)

2c1) to humble, mishandle, afflict

2c2) to humble, be humiliated

2c3) to afflict

2d4) to humble, weaken oneself

2d) (Pual)

2d1) to be afflicted

2d2) to be humbled

2e) (Hiphil) to afflict

2f) (Hithpael)

2f1) to humble oneself

2f2) to be afflicted

Part of Speech: verb


H6031 ענה anah


Total KJV Occurrences: 83


afflict, 29

Gen_15:13, Gen_31:50, Exo_1:11, Exo_22:22-23 (2), Lev_16:29, Lev_16:31, Lev_23:27, Lev_23:32, Num_24:24 (2), Num_29:7, Num_30:13, Jdg_16:5-6 (2), Jdg_16:19, 2Sa_7:10, 1Ki_11:39, 2Ch_6:26, Ezr_8:21, Job_37:23, Psa_55:19, Psa_89:22, Isa_58:5 (2), Isa_64:12, Lam_3:33, Nah_1:12, Zep_3:19


afflicted, 21

Exo_1:12, Lev_23:29, Deu_26:6, 1Ki_2:26 (2), 2Ki_17:20, Job_30:11, Psa_88:7, Psa_90:15, Psa_107:17, Psa_116:10, Psa_119:67, Psa_119:71, Psa_119:75, Psa_119:107, Isa_53:4, Isa_53:7, Isa_58:3, Isa_58:10, Isa_60:14, Nah_1:12


humbled, 7

Deu_8:3, Deu_21:14, Deu_22:24, Deu_22:29, Psa_35:13, Eze_22:10-11 (2)


forced, 4

Jdg_20:5, 2Sa_13:14, 2Sa_13:22, 2Sa_13:32


humble, 4

Exo_10:3, Deu_8:2, Deu_8:16, Jdg_19:24


exercised, 2

Ecc_1:13, Ecc_3:10


sing, 2

Exo_32:18, Isa_27:2


abase, 1



afflictest, 1



afflictions, 1



chasten, 1



defiled, 1



force, 1



gentleness, 1



hardly, 1



hurt, 1



ravished, 1



submit, 1



troubled, 1



weakened, 1



wise, 1

Exo_22:23 (2)



H1616 גּיר גּר ger geyr gare, gare

From H1481; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner: - alien, sojourner, stranger.


Total KJV Occurrences: 92


stranger, 70

Gen_15:13, Gen_23:4, Exo_2:22, Exo_12:19, Exo_12:48-49 (2), Exo_20:10, Exo_22:21, Exo_23:9 (2), Exo_23:12, Lev_16:29, Lev_17:12, Lev_17:15, Lev_18:26, Lev_19:10, Lev_19:33-34 (2), Lev_23:22, Lev_24:16, Lev_24:22, Lev_25:35, Lev_25:47, Num_15:14-16 (6), Num_15:26, Num_15:29-30 (2), Num_19:10, Deu_1:15-16 (2), Deu_5:14, Deu_10:18-19 (2), Deu_14:21, Deu_14:29, Deu_16:11, Deu_16:14, Deu_23:7, Deu_24:17, Deu_24:19-21 (3), Deu_26:11-13 (3), Deu_27:19, Deu_28:43, Deu_31:11-12 (2), Jos_8:33, Jos_20:9, 2Sa_1:13, Job_31:32, Psa_39:12, Psa_94:6, Psa_119:19, Jer_7:6, Jer_14:8, Jer_22:3, Eze_22:7 (2), Eze_22:29, Eze_47:23, Zec_7:10, Mal_3:5


strangers, 19

Exo_22:21, Exo_23:9, Lev_17:8, Lev_17:10, Lev_17:13, Lev_19:34, Lev_20:2, Lev_22:18, Lev_25:23, Deu_10:19, Deu_24:14, Jos_8:35, 1Ch_22:2, 1Ch_29:15, 2Ch_2:17, 2Ch_30:25, Psa_146:9, Isa_14:1, Eze_47:22


alien, 1



sojourner, 1



stranger’s, 1

Lev_25:47 (2)


BDB Definition:

1) sojourner

1a) a temporary inhabitant, a newcomer lacking inherited rights

1b) of foreigners in Israel, though conceded rights

Part of Speech: noun masculine


H249 אזרח 'ezrach ez-rawkh'

From H2224 (in the sense of springing up); a spontaneous growth, that is, native (tree or persons): - bay tree, (home-) born (in the land), of the (one’s own) country (nation)


BDB Definition:

1) a native (one rising from the soil)

1a) of man, native Israelites

1b) of tree, native (to Israel)

Part of Speech: noun masculine


Total KJV Occurrences: 25


born, 11

Exo_12:19, Exo_12:48, Lev_19:34, Lev_23:42, Lev_24:16, Num_9:14, Num_15:13, Num_15:29-30 (2), Jos_8:33, Eze_47:22


country, 5

Lev_16:29, Lev_17:15, Lev_24:22, Num_15:13, Eze_47:22


own, 4

Lev_16:29, Lev_17:15, Lev_18:26, Lev_24:22


land, 2

Lev_24:16, Num_15:30


bay, 1



homeborn, 1



nation, 1



H6684 צוּם tsum


A primitive root; to cover over (the mouth), that is, to fast:


Total KJV Occurrences: 20


fasted, 12

Jdg_20:26, 1Sa_7:6, 1Sa_31:13, 2Sa_1:12, 2Sa_12:16, 2Sa_12:22, 1Ki_21:27, 1Ch_10:12, Ezr_8:23, Neh_1:4, Isa_58:3, Zec_7:5


fast, 8

2Sa_12:21, 2Sa_12:23, Est_4:16 (2), Isa_58:4 (2), Jer_14:12, Zec_7:5


H6685 צם / צום tsom

tsome, tsome

From H6684; a fast: - fast (-ing).


Total KJV Occurrences: 25


fast, 16

1Ki_21:9, 1Ki_21:12, 2Ch_20:3, Ezr_8:21, Isa_58:3, Isa_58:5-6 (3), Jer_36:9, Joe_2:14-15 (2), Jon_3:5, Zec_8:19 (4)


fasting, 8

Neh_9:1, Est_4:3, Psa_35:13, Psa_69:10, Psa_109:24, Jer_36:6, Dan_9:3, Joe_2:12


fastings, 1



Some terms in Judaism

sneakers, no leather, leather is a sign of war

carry no money

read Jonah, can't escape God's will

Ps 139 like Jonah

Neilah = locked ( sealed in book of life )

Yizkor = remember

Kol Nidrei = all vows

shuvah = rest

tashlich = he will cast ( all sins in the sea )

selichot = forgivness

musaf = addition

L'Shanaah Tova Tikatevu = may you be written ( in book of life ) this new year

( it is not new years but the 7th month, go figure)

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