One in Messiah Congregation

Let's look at some interesting words: Eber, Jew, Hebrew, Hebron, Israelite

Hebron חֶבְרוֹן

Gen.13 [18] Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD.

Gen.23[ 2] And Sarah died in Kirjath-arba; the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan : and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.

[19] And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan .

H2275 חברון chebron kheb-rone - From H2267; seat of association ; Chebron , a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites: - Hebron.


BDB Definition: Hebron = association

1) a city in south Judah approx 20 south of Jerusalem and approx 20 miles (30 kilometers) north of Beersheba and near where Abraham built an altar (noun proper locative)

2) the 3rd son of Kohath and grandson of Levi (noun proper masculine)

3) a descendant of Caleb (noun proper masculine)

Hebrew עִבְרִי

Gen.14 [13] And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eschol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.

H5680 עברי ib-ree - Patronymic from H5677; an Eberite (that is, Hebrew) or descendant of Eber: - Hebrew (-ess, woman).

BDB Definition:

Hebrew = “one from beyond”

1) a designation of the patriarchs and the Israelites (noun proper)

2) a designation of the patriarchs and the Israelites (adjective)


H5677 עבר e ber

A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation): - alienate, alter, X at all, beyond, bring (over, through), carry over, (over-) come (on, over), conduct (over), convey over, current, deliver, do away, enter, escape, fail, gender, get over, (make) go (away, beyond, by, forth, his way, in, on, over, through), have away (more), lay, meddle, overrun, make partition, (cause to, give, make to, over) pass (-age, along, away, beyond, by, -enger, on, out, over, through), (cause to, make) + proclaim (-amation), perish, provoke to anger, put away, rage, + raiser of taxes, remove, send over, set apart, + shave, cause to (make) sound, X speedily, X sweet smelling, take (away), (make to) transgress (-or), translate, turn away, [way-] faring man, be wrath.

From H5674; properly a region across ; but used only adverbially (with or without a preposition) on the opposite side (especially of the Jordan; usually meaning the east ): - X against, beyond, by, X from, over, passage, quarter, (other, this) side, straight.


BDB Definition:

Eber or Heber = “the region beyond”

1) son of Salah, great grandson of Shem, father of Peleg and Joktan

2) a Gadite chief

3) a Benjamite, son of Elpaal and descendant of Sharahaim

4) a Benjamite, son of Shashak

5) a priest in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua

Part of Speech: noun proper masculine

יהוּדי yeh-hoo-dee

descendant of Jehudah (that is, Judah) ???


Gen.29[ 35] And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she said, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called his name Judah ; and left bearing.

First time the word Jew is mentioned in scripture.

2Kgs.16[ 6] At that time Rezin king of Syria recovered Elath to Syria, and drave the Jews from Elath: and the Syrians came to Elath, and dwelt there unto this day.

Esth.8[ 17] And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews ; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.

Rom.2[ 28] For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:[ 29] But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.


Are Jews Israelites? YES!! Are Jews Hebrews? YES!!


2Cor.11[ 22] Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so am I.

Rom.11[1] I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite , of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. [2] God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew.

Phil.3:[5 ] Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; [6] Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

Phil.3:[5 ] Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel , of the tribe of Benjamin , an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee

Acts.21[ 39] But Paul said, I am a man which am a Jew of Tarsus , a city in Cilicia,

Acts.22[ 3] I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.

Acts.26[ 5] Which knew me from the beginning, if they would testify, that after the most straitest sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee.

Acts.23[ 6] But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.



a Jew, יְהוּדִי Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a "Benjamite

Esth. 2 [5] Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a "Benjamite"; יְמִינִי

Esth. 5 [13] Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate.

Esth. 6 [10] Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou has spoken.

Esth. 8 [7] Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.

Esth. 9 [29] Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim. [31] To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

Esth. 10 [3] For Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.



2Kgs.18[ 26] Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rab-shakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language ; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

[28] Then Rab-shakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language , and spake, saying, Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria:

Neh.13[ 24] And their children spake half in the speech of Ashdod, and could not speak in the Jews' language, but according to the language of each people.

Esth.8[ 9] Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language , and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.

Isa.36[ 11] Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Jews' language , in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

[13] Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language , and said, Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria.


John.5[ 2] Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches.

Acts.21[ 40] And when he had given him licence, Paul stood on the stairs, and beckoned with the hand unto the people. And when there was made a great silence, he spake unto them in the Hebrew tongue, saying,

Acts.22[ 2] (And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he saith,)

Acts.26[ 14] And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.

Rev.9[ 11] And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.

Rev.16[ 16] And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.


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