One in Messiah Congregation

קָּהָל אֶחָד בְּמָּשִׁיחַ

 A part of the Congregation of Israel

עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל


27 S. Maple Street, Hohenwald, Tn. 38462

Phone – 615 712-3931



Shabbat Shalom

שַׁבָּת שָׁלוֹם


Today, we sadly use the Gregorian calendar from Pope Gregory; from the 1500’s.

Today’s date is Feb. 4, 2023

February -- month of Februa

Middle English Februarius
Latin Februarius "of Februa"
Latin Februa(s) "Februa" + -arius "ary (pertaining to)"
Latin Februarius mensis "month of Februa"
Latin dies februatus "day of purification"

Februarius had 28 days, until circa 450 BC when it had 23 or 24 days on some of every second year, until Julius when it had 29 days on every fourth year and 28 days otherwise.

Februa is the Roman festival of purification, held on February fifteenth. It is possibly of Sabine origin.

The God of Israel has His own Calendar: we are now in the 11th month of God Day 12, called Sebat / Sh’vat שְׁבָט 

Zech.1 [1] [7] Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat / Sh’vat שְׁבָט

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Today’s Topic:

So many religions, too many…


All this information is from the net



Let’s read:


How Many Religions are there in the World?


There are over 5000 religions in the world, with Islam being the most popular religion.


It is followed by Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism.


Christianity is the world’s largest religion and has existed for over 2,000 years.


Throughout history, it has gone through many changes including the Protestant Reformation and the French Revolution.


Pseudo Christianity is a diverse religion with over 40,000 denominations as a result of its widespread popularity across cultures, languages, and countries.


Just the Catholics are estimated at 1.2 billion (that has the wrong doctrine)




Religion: the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods


Religion is a fundamental set of beliefs and practices generally agreed upon by a group of people.

These set of beliefs concern the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, and involve devotional and ritual observances.

They also often contain a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs.


How many Messianic Jewish congregations are there?

There is a estimate of 400 Messianic Jewish congregations worldwide

And about 200,000 in the United States.


Congregations (called synagogues) can be found across the country, mainly in communities with a large (or small) existing Jewish community.



The word Religion in scripture:

Acts 26

[5] (they) Which knew me, Saul, from the beginning, if they would testify, that after the most straightest sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee.


[13] For you have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it [14] And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.


[26] If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridles not his tongue, but deceives his own heart, this man's religion is vain. [27] Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.



What is the world population as of the year 2023 so far?


8,046,949,318 and rising - different amounts on different sites


Roughly 8 billion and rising



Next - Philosophy:


There are 7 branches of Philosophy, namely, Metaphysics, Axiology, Logic, Aesthetics, Epistemology, Ethics and Political Philosophy.


The main branches of Philosophy are:


Axiology: Study of the nature of value and valuation

Also referred to as the theory of value, Axiology explores the nature of value and its metaphysical aspects. Value Theory is often interchangeably used with Axiology and this branch of Philosophy peruses upon the value of goodness. To put it simply, Axiology looks at the concept of value in terms of its philosophical terms and argues questions about nature and what actually is valued.


Metaphysics: Study of the fundamental nature of reality

Metaphysics has been a primary area of philosophical debate. It is mainly concerned with explaining the nature of being and the world. Traditionally, it has two different study areas, including Cosmology and Ontology.


Cosmology is focused on understanding the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe, which includes laws that keep it in perfect order.

On the other hand,

Ontology investigates various types of things that exist and their relationship with each other. Much before the discovery of modern science, all science-related questions were asked as a part of Metaphysics.



Epistemology: Study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge

Another major component of Philosophy is Epistemology. Going back into history, this term originated from the Greek word episteme which literally means knowledge, and the other half of the word ‘logy means ‘the study of’. Basically, it is about the study of knowledge. What can we know? A fundamental question concerning Epistemology is, what is knowledge? It also asks questions like, can knowledge ever be absolute? Is there a limit for humans to know certain things? If we are living in a world of simulation, how can we know it? These are some of the essential questions Epistemology seeks answers for.


Ethics Philosophy: Study of what is right and wrong in human behavior

Everyone in their day-to-day life tries to conduct themselves according to some established ethical norms. This philosophical concept has different applications in a person’s real life. For instance, certain organizations have ethical committees that lay down rules of behavior for their employees. Ethics is concerned with the definition of right and wrong. It elucidates schools of thought that instruct us how to act in a given situation, which has always been a matter of contention between philosophers. Every philosopher has defined it according to their own subjective understanding.


Aesthetics: Study of beauty and taste

Every person defines beauty as per his or her own perspectives. This philosophical subject is wholly devoted to defining the different aspects of beauty, even its contours. How do we find something beautiful? Is beauty always subjective or can it be objective too? Can everyone find a thing beautiful? It also examines individual tastes and attempts to provide answers about these things in a scientific manner. Aesthetic Philosophy’s primary topic of investigation is beauty and are. It is often debated inside its classrooms. It also talks about performing arts like music.


Logic Philosophy: Study of the nature and types of logic

We use this word in our commonplace conversations, so we are all aptly familiar with it. People constantly ask each other, “Where is the logic behind this or that?” People even acknowledge a good thought or act by calling it logically correct. Hence, the question arises, what does the Science of logic has to do with Philosophy?

In logic, we usually construct two sentences which are called premises, and they are used to make a conclusion. This sort of logic is called syllogism, pioneered by Aristotle. Greek


Political Philosophy: Study of government, addressing questions about the nature, scope, and legitimacy of public agents and institutions

Combining the two fields of Politics and Philosophy, Political Philosophy studies political government, laws, liberty, justice, rights, authority, political states and systems, ethics, and more. It explores the concepts of why we need governments, the role played by governments, and what are its constituents, amongst others.



Philosophy is the study of the search for the truth and equally an effort to know the hidden realities and truths about ourselves.


As an academic discipline, Philosophy is hardly any different.


Philosophy is a way of thinking about certain subjects such as ethics, thought, existence, time, meaning and value. 





How many of these above have the right doctrine? 0


How many of the religions and Philosophies above keep the 10 commandments (and all the other commandments and Sabbaths) and feasts of Yehovah correctly?  0


Same Greek philosophers in the Bible


Colossae Greek was an ancient city of Phrygia in Asia Minor, and one of the most celebrated cities of southern Anatolia (modern Turkey). 



[8] Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Messiah.


Acts 17

[16] Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.
[17] Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.

[18] Then
certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him.


And some said, what will this babbler say? Others said, He seems to be a setter forth of strange gods: because he preached unto them Yeshua, and the resurrection.

[19] And they took him, and brought him unto Areopagus, saying, May we know what this
new doctrine, whereof you speak, is?

[20] For you bring certain strange things to our ears: we would know therefore what these things mean.

[21] (For all the Athenians and strangers which were there spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)

[22] Then Paul stood in the midst of Mars' hill, and said, you men of Athens, I perceive that in all things you are too superstitious. (in a bad sense)

[23] For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription,
TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore you ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.

[24] God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwells not in temples made with hands;
[25] Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed anything, seeing he gives to all life, and breath, and all things;

[26] And had made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and had determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;[27] That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us:[28] For in him we live, and move, and have our being; As certain also of your own poets have said, for we are also his offspring.

[29] Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by are and man's device.


[30] And the times of this ignorance God winked at; (did not immediately punished the heathen) but now commands all men everywhere to repent:

[31] Because he had appointed a day, in which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he had ordained; whereof he had given assurance unto all men, in that he had raised him from the dead.

[32] And when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked: and others said, we will hear you again of this matter.

[33] So Paul departed from among them.

[34] Howbeit certain men clave unto him, and believed: among the which was Dionysius the Areopagite, and a woman named Damaris, and others with them.



לֶקַח {leh'-kakh}

Meaning:  learning, teaching, insight 1) instruction (obj) teaching (thing taught) teaching-power 2) persuasiveness


The word Doctrine in the scriptures


[1] Give ear, O you heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.
My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
[3] Because I will publish the name of Yehovah: ascribe you greatness unto our God.
[4] He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.


[1] Hear, you children, the instruction of a father, and attend to know understanding.
[2] For I give you
good doctrine, forsake you not my law.
[3] For I was my father's son, tender and only beloved in the sight of my mother.
[4] He taught me also, and said unto me, Let your heart retain my words: keep my commandments, and live.
[5] Get wisdom, get understanding: forget it not; neither decline from the words of my mouth.
[6] Forsake her not, and she shall preserve you: love her, and she shall keep you.
[7] Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all your getting get understanding.
[8] Exalt her, and she shall promote you: she shall bring you to honour, when you dost embrace her.
[9] She shall give to your head an ornament of grace: a crown of glory shall she deliver to you.



[22] Therefore thus said Yehovah, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed; neither shall his face now wax pale.
[23] But when he sees his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.
[24] They also that erred in spirit
shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.



[1] Hear you the word which Yehovah speaks unto you, O house of Israel:
[2] Thus said Yehovah, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them.
[3] For the customs of the people are vain: for one cuts a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe.
[4] They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers that it move not.
[5] They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good.
[6] Forasmuch as there is none like unto you, O LORD; you are great, and your name is great in might.
[7] Who would not fear you, O King of nations? for to you doth it appertain: forasmuch as among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, there is none like unto you. [8] But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock is a 
doctrine of vanities.

Matt. 7

[28] And it came to pass, when Yeshua had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine: [29] For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.

Matt. 15

[7] Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
[8] This people draws nigh unto me with their mouth, and honors me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.[9] But in vain they do worship me,
teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

Matt. 16
] Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. (which was hypocrisy)


[33] And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.

Mark 1

[22] And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
[23] And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,
[24] Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with you, you Yeshua of Nazareth? Are you come to destroy us? I know you who you are, the Holy One of God.
[25] And Yeshua rebuked him, saying, Hold your peace, and come out of him.
[26] And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him.
[27] And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, What thing is this?
What new doctrine is this? for with authority commands he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him.
[28] And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.

Mark 4

[2] And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, [3] Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:  you may read the rest….

Mark 11

[18] And the scribes and chief priests heard it, and sought how they might destroy him: for they feared him, because all the people was astonished at his doctrine.

Mark 12

[38] And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces,

Luke 4

[32] … they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.

John 7

[16] Yeshua answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his (the Father‘s) that sent me.

[17] If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself.


John 18

[19] The high priest then asked Yeshua of his disciples, and of his doctrine.

[20] Yeshua answered him, I spoke openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
21] Why do you ask me? Ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.



[42]… they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.

Acts 5

[28] Saying, Did not we straightly command you that you should not teach in this name? And, behold, you have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us.

Acts 13

[8] But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking to turn away the deputy from the faith.
9] Then Saul, (who also is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him,
10] And said, O full of all subtlety and all mischief, you child of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?
11] And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon you, and you shall be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And immediately there fell on him a mist and darkness; and he went about seeking some to lead him by the hand.

[12] Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord.


[17] … God be thanked, that you were the servants of sin, but you have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.


[17] Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which you have learned; and avoid them.


[6] Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine?

[26] How is it then, brethren? when you come together, everyone of you had a psalm, had a doctrine, had a tongue, had a revelation, had an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.


[14] That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;


[20] Wherefore if you be dead with Messiah from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are you subject to ordinances,
21] (Touch not; taste not; handle not; [22] Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men?


[1] Paul, an apostle of Yeshua the Messiah by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Yeshua the Messiah, which is our hope;
2] Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Yeshua the Messiah our Lord. [3] As I besought you to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that you might charge some that they teach no other doctrine, [4] Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do.

[8] But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;
9] Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
10] For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for men stealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
11] According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.
12] And I thank Messiah Yeshua our Lord, who had enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;
13] Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.

1 Tim.4

[1] Now the Spirit speaks expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; [2] Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;
[3] Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God had created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. [4] For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:
5] For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

[6] If you put the brethren in remembrance of these things, you shall be a good minister of Yeshua the Messiah, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto you hast attained.

[7] But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and exercise thyself rather unto godliness.
[8] For bodily exercise profits little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.

[13] Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. [14] Neglect not the gift that is in you, which was given you by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.
[15] Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that your profiting may appear to all.
[16] Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this you shall both save thyself, and them that hear you.


[17] Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honors, especially they who labor in the word and doctrine.


[1] Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed. [2] And they that have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren; but rather do them service, because they are faithful and beloved, partakers of the benefit. These things teach and exhort.

[3] If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;

[4] He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,
[5] Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.
[6] But godliness with contentment is great gain.
[7] For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out.
[8] And having food and raiment let us be therewith content.
[9] But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
[10] For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

2Tim. 3

[10] …you hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience, [11] Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of them all the Lord delivered me.
[12] Yea, and all that will live godly in Messiah Yeshua shall suffer persecution.

[16] All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: [17] That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.


[2] Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

[3] For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; [4] And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.


[9] Hold fast the faithful word as he had been taught, that he (you) may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.


[1] … speak you the things which become sound doctrine

[7] In all things showing yourself a pattern of good works: in doctrine showing incorruptness, gravity, sincerity,

[10] Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

Heb.13[9] Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

2 John 1

[9] Whosoever transgresses, and abides not in the doctrine of Messiah, has not God. He that abides in the doctrine of Messiah, he has both the Father and the Son.

[10] If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: [11] For he that bids him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.


[14] … I have a few things against you, because you have there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.

[15] So have you also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.


In closing for now,

We pray we have the correct doctrine, religion.

Isa.5 [14] Therefore hell hah enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoices, shall descend into it.

We are Hebrews; we fear Yehovah, the God of heaven, which had made the sea, the dry land and everything.

May God bless you all

Shabbat Shalom

שַׁבָּת שָׁלוֹם


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