One in Messiah Congregation

קָּהָל אֶחָד בְּמָּשִׁיחַ


 A part of the Congregation of Israel

עֲדַת יִשְׂרָאֵל


 Shabbat Shalom

שַׁבָּת שָׁלוֹם


Let’s pray


Today we use the Gregorian calendar from Pope Gregory; from the 1500’s,

March 19, 2016

March -- Mars' month

Middle English March(e)
Anglo-French March(e)
Old English
Martius "of Mars"
Latin Marti(s) "Mars" + -us (adj. suffix)
Martius mensis "month of Mars"

Martius has always had 31 days.

March was the original beginning of the year, and the time for the resumption of war

Mars is the Roman god of war. He is identified with the Greek god Ares.

Spring starts March 20th, tomorrow


We are now in a leap year; the 12 month of God is called Adar, so Adar 2, and 9th day

Est.9:1 now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar,

וּבִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ הוּא-חֹדֶשׁ אֲדָר

Adar אֲדָר = “glorious”

Part of March / April 2016


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 Today’s topic:

Review, review of the Sabbath and Spring Feasts


To understand and do the feasts and Sabbaths properly, you need to have knowledge of Scripture


Here is a short list:

1 – An understanding of when Yehovah starts His day

2 – An understanding of the new moon and when it is coming

3 – An understanding of the calendar of Yehovah

4 - An understanding of the commandments of Yehovah

5 - An understanding of the Sabbath

6 - An understanding from Scripture not website of how to do the feasts, Sabbaths etc..

7 - An understanding of who should attend the feasts


Let’s understand the New Moon

חֹדֶשׁ  - יֶרַח

The first new moon and first sun

God made two great lights

Now something seen with the eyes, a sign, for seasons, for days, and years ….

Let’s read

Gen.1 בְּרֵאשִׁית

[1] In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth

The 4th day was the first evening and morning with the two great lights

[14] And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

[15] And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

[16] And God made two great lights;

שְׁנֵי הַמְּאֹרֹת הַגְּדֹלִים

the greater light

הַמָּאוֹר הַגָּדֹל

to rule the day (our sun), and

the lesser light

הַמָּאוֹר הַקָּטֹן

to rule the nigh (our moon):

he made the stars also.


[17] And God set them in the firmament of the heaven

to give light upon the earth, לְהָאִיר, עַל-הָאָרֶץ

[18] And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

[19] And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

וַיְהִי-עֶרֶב וַיְהִי-בֹקֶר, יוֹם רְבִיעִי


Pss.104 [19] He appointed the moon for seasons:

עָשָׂה יָרֵחַ, לְמוֹעֲדִים;   שֶׁמֶשׁ, יָדַע מְבוֹאוֹ

הַמָּאוֹר הַקָּטֹן  the lesser light or moon (which is still great to us)

קָּטֹן  less, small

Even a sliver of the moon is light to divide the light from the darkness and to give light upon the earth.

No moon is exactly “no” moon, no light, darkness


Esth.3 [7] In the first month, that is, the month Nisan…. נִיסָן 

Yehovah’s New Year in the first month

Exod.12 [2] This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם, רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים:  רִאשׁוֹן הוּא לָכֶם, לְחָדְשֵׁי הַשָּׁנָה

Not the 7th month, with the made up name Tishri as Judaism states and some Messianics

Exod.13 [4] This day came ye out in the month abib,הָאָבִיב  

(in the ha aviv) March - April, Spring - ha Aviv = the newness of the barley



[1] And Yehovah spoke unto Moses, saying,

 וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה, אֶל-מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר

[2] Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of Yehovah, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.

 דַּבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם, מוֹעֲדֵי יְהוָה, אֲשֶׁר-תִּקְרְאוּ אֹתָם מִקְרָאֵי קֹדֶשׁ--אֵלֶּה הֵם, מוֹעֲדָי


Yehovah explains the Sabbath

[3] Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of Yehovah in all your dwellings.


[4] These are the feasts of Yehovah, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.

אֵלֶּה מוֹעֲדֵי יְהוָה, מִקְרָאֵי קֹדֶשׁ, אֲשֶׁר-תִּקְרְאוּ אֹתָם, בְּמוֹעֲדָם.

[5] In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is Yehovah's passover.
 פֶּסַח, לַיהוָה

[6] And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto Yehovah: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

[7] In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

[8] But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto Yehovah seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

[9] And Yehovah spake unto Moses, saying,
[10] Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
[11] And he shall wave the sheaf before Yehovah, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
[12] And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto Yehovah.
[13] And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto Yehovah for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
[14] And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

[15] And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

[16] Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto Yehovah.

[17] Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto Yehovah.
[18] And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto Yehovah, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto Yehovah.
[19] Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.

[20] And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before Yehovah, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to Yehovah for the priest.

[21] And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

[22] And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am Yehovah your God.


Passover and Feast of unleavened bread explained in Torah


We do the Passover and feast of unleavened bread today in memorial with the understanding that Yeshua is our Passover, first fruits is symbolic of the resurrection of Yeshua from the dead.


[1] And Yehovah spoke unto Moses, saying,
[2] Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.

[3] And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand Yehovah brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

[4] This day came ye out in the month Abib – ha Aviv

Lets read


[1] And Yehovah spoke unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
[2] This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם, רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים:  רִאשׁוֹן הוּא לָכֶם, לְחָדְשֵׁי הַשָּׁנָה

[3] Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:
[4] And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
[5] Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

[6] And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.


[7] And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
[8] And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

[9] Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

[10] And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

[11] And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is Yehovah's passover.

[12] For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am Yehovah.

[13] And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

[14] And this day shall be unto you for a memorial;

הָיָה הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה לָכֶם לְזִכָּרוֹן

and ye shall keep it a feast to Yehovah throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

[15] Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven
חָמֵץ out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

[16] And in the first day
וּבַיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי there shall be an holy convocation מִקְרָא-קֹדֶשׁ to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

[17] And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

[18] In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

[19] Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

[20] Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.

[21] Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover.

[22] And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

[23] For Yehovah will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, Yehovah will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

[24] And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

[25] And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which Yehovah will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.

[26] And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service?

[27] That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of Yehovah's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

[28] And the children of Israel went away, and did as Yehovah had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.
[29] And it came to pass, that at midnight Yehovah smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharoah that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
[30] And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
[31] And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve Yehovah, as ye have said.
[32] Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.
[33] And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.
[34] And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.
[35] And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment:
[36] And Yehovah gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.
[37] And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.
[38] And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.
[39] And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual

[40] Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

[41] And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of Yehovah went out from the land of Egypt.

[42] It is a night to be much observed unto Yehovah for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of Yehovah to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

[43] And Yehovah said unto Moses and Aaron,

This is the ordinance of the passover: זֹאת חֻקַּת הַפָּסַח

There shall no stranger eat thereof:

כָּל-בֶּן-נֵכָר, לֹא-יֹאכַל בּוֹ

[44] But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

[45] A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

 תּוֹשָׁב וְשָׂכִיר, לֹא-יֹאכַל בּוֹ

[46] In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.
[47] All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.


[48] And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to Yehovah, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

[49] One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

תּוֹרָה אַחַת, יִהְיֶה לָאֶזְרָח, וְלַגֵּר, הַגָּר בְּתוֹכְכֶם


[50] Thus did all the children of Israel; as Yehovah commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.
[51] And it came to pass the selfsame day, that Yehovah did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.


Spring Feasts of Yehovah are coming

Spring Feasts were a shadow of the first coming of Messiah Yeshua

We do in memorial

There are "7" other holy days which are treated like the Sabbath



1 – 3 – 7


The 1st month, the 3rd month, and the 7th month


The 1st month “2” extra Sabbaths


The 3rd month “1” extra Sabbaths


The 7th month “4” extra Sabbaths


The 1st month, ha Aviv and the 3rd month, Sivan are the months in which we are concerned with during Spring.


So you see there are 3 extra Sabbaths we are concerned with during Spring.


Let’s go over the Sabbath

This is how simple it is:


[1] Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
[2] And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
[3] And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.


The Sabbath is the 4th Commandment of the covenant given to us at Mount Sinai in the 3rd month, Sivan


Ex. 20 [8] Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

זכר  Remember

zâkar - zaw-kar' - A primitive root; properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, to remember; by implication to mention; make mention of, be mindful, recount, record (-er), remember, make to be remembered, bring (call, come, keep, put) to (in) remembrance, still, think on, well.


[9] Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

[10] But the seventh day is the Sabbath of Yehovah thy God:


John says:

Rev.1 [10] I was in the Spirit on Yehovah's Day - (The Sabbath


Back to Exod. 20:10

in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy (your) gates:

[11] For in six days Yehovah made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore Yehovah blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.


Isa. 58 [13] If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy (your) pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of Yehovah, honourable; and shalt honour him,

1 - not doing thine (your) own ways,

2 - nor finding thine (your) own pleasure,

3 - nor speaking thine (your) own words:

[14] Then shalt thou delight thyself in Yehovah; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of Yehovah hath spoken it.


Lev. 23 [3] Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, an "holy convocation"; ye shall do no work therein: it is the Sabbath of Yehovah in all your dwellings.

Dwelling מושׁב

môshâv - seat, assembly, dwelling-place, dwelling, your  situation, location, (at) time of dwelling


The Sabbath is a "holy convocation"

מקרא miqra: convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together, sacred assembly, something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal


קדשׁ kodesh: a sacred place or thing; consecrated, dedicated, hallowed, holiness, saint, sanctuary, apartness, sacredness, separateness, apartness, sacredness, holiness


Buying and selling is evil on the Sabbath

Neh. 13 [16] There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the sabbath unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.

[17] Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the Sabbath day?


"Shadows of things to come"

In the letter from the Apostle Paul / Saul to the Colossians, Paul is cautioning the Colossians of evil men that would enter the congregation there and try to pervert their doctrine that was taught.

Colossians 2:16: Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday , or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: 17: Which are a shadow of "things to come" (future tense); but the body is of Messiah / Christ.

judge - ρινω krino: to try to condemn, to separate, put asunder, to pick out, to be of opinion, judge, to pronounce an opinion concerning right and wrong, to contend, to dispute.

holyday - ορτη heorte -heh-or-tay' - a festival: - feast, holyday.

new moon - νουμηνία noumēnia - noo-may-nee'-ah - the festival of new moon

meat - βρῶσις brōsis - that which is eaten, clean food

Sabbath days - sabbaton - σάββατον - sab'-bat-on - Of Hebrew origin; the Sabbath - a day of weekly repose from secular avocations -  Sabbath (days) in feasts.

shadow - κια skia : shadow, an image cast by an object and representing the form of that object, a sketch, outline


In closing:

Get ready for Spring and the Feasts of Yehovah

Passover – פֶּסַח

Feast of Unleavened Bread - חַג הַמַּצּוֹת

First fruits   בִּכּוּרֵי

Feast of Weeks, Hag Sh'vu-ot - חַג שָׁבֻעֹת

Feast of Harvest Hag ha katseer - חַג הַקָּצִיר



Yehovah’s New Year starts Friday evening, April 8, then April 9 is the daytime hours – ha aviv / Nisan 1


Ha Aviv / Nisan  14 - Passover is the 22nd of April in the evening


Ha Aviv / Nisan 15 - Feast of Unleavened Bread, Saturday, the 23rd of April, starts the evening before.


Ha Aviv / Nisan 21 – end of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Friday, the 29th of April, starts the evening before.


Sivan (3rd month) Feast of Week - June 12, 2016, Sunday or 1st day, a


One last note of interest:


Look at your calendar (the Gregorian calendar we use today) you have in your home.


They have March 27, 2016 as Easter, eggs, rabbits, chocolate candy, etc.


**However it is the resurrection of Jesus / Yeshua from the dead


Then they have April 22, 2016 is Passover when Jesus / Yeshua dies on the tree / cross

How could that be?

They have Jesus / Yeshua rising from the dead almost a month before He dies. (Wrong!)

Oh well…

Next week, maybe things not to do at a Passover Seder

Shabbat Shalom

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